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Game on, Land Rover In the mid-1970s produced an up-market, short-wheelbase Land Rover.
The reasons for doing so appear to be lost to time, if they were ever clear.
With the possible exception of extra traction from wider tyres, there no was no mechanical change whatsoever from the standard short-wheelbase model.
The new model was at best a trim upgrade version and nothing more.
This was the Land Rover GAME.
Production spanned approximately three years from 1976 to 1979.
Considerable local development had taken place in preceding years and was not disregarded with the new model.
Various nuts and bolts through to seat facings, wheels, tyres, paint colours and heater assembly represented just some of the Australian Land Rover differences.
Despite the relatively short production run, GAMEs are not exactly the same from go to whoa.
A short but distinct evolutionary process takes place.
Though ostensibly a Complete Knocked Down CKD or kit form vehicle, local content far exceeded mere assembly.
Some parts were carried over from previous local Series IIIs and others were simply one-off purchases to meet production requirements, while still maintaining the quota of local content.
A considerable amount of input also addressed cost reduction and quality control.
Within the UK there is a general ignorance that other countries were producing Land Rovers or changing their design, nor is there much acknowledgement of the vast array of export models that left Solihull for overseas markets and precise foreign orders.
Unlike much of my previous work, this article contains little referencing.
The rest is all Land Rover or Leyland Australia off the shelf.
This 1976 cosmetic upgrade could be viewed as part of a series.
Leyland Mini SS, Leyland Mini LS and Leyland Moke Californian all met the same criteria.
The Leyland Mini Sunshine could easily be knocked up at a dealership by adding a sunroof and decals to the established Mini S.
GAME certainly presented something stunning for the dealership forecourt — whether at the car or commercial end of the sales lot.
A curio of the company is that Mini van and Moke are light commercials managed by the car end of the business.
Land Rover is a light commercial run by the heavy vehicle end.
GAME existing at all is an accomplishment.
The rear door to the right, not fully and without a stay.
Creating a narrow funnel arrangement for rear load space access.
Speaker location, potentially even stereo becomes the only concern.
Presumably tyre rolling diameter was close to the standard 7.
What is: Complete Knocked Down CKD?
CKD can literally mean anything and varies depending on what the client ordered.
This can range from the complete jigsaw in a box, requiring only assembly and fluids, through to any number winx free games 3d online club the components missing, unfinished or partly finished.
That allows the client to add labour and as many locally-sourced parts or procedures as required.
Potential variation is also compounded by product evolution.
This period of Land Rover production is fairly intense.
Precisely what LA purchased is unclear.
From this you might expect that every GAME would be a CKD 88-inch station wagon.
In particular, with a station wagon chassis and matching chassis number.
The reality of local production meant that whatever was the next SWB petrol chassis to hand was utilised.
The difference between petrol and diesel chassis?
The bolt-on components actually define the classification.
If you encounter a GAME that decodes as basic without tailgate hinges, it may well have encountered an angle grinder on the assembly line.
From a small sample of actual GAME chassis numbers, most have the prefix 903.
Only a few have 923.
A true 88-inch wheelbase station wagon would mimic the existing four and six-cylinder 109in wheelbase versions.
As can be seen from known GAME, the Pressed Metals Corp.
PMC assembly line grabbed whatever was the next SWB chassis to hand.
Frequently, if not predominantly, an original GAME will be found with a basic chassis.
Certainly not the wagon chassis you would expect.
Whether tailgate hinges were being cut off is unclear.
The mandatory Compliance Plate was fitted to all GAMEs.
This quotes seating capacity.
Though far more monitored these days, State or Territory modification schemes require changes to seating capacity to be certified and logged with the relevant departments.
Hopefully compliant, legal and safe as well.
Are they only available in Canary yellow?
The standard white roof persisted regardless of features.
As was the 1970s stalwart for the sportier model — add black paint.
Sundry components and the windscreen vent panel were painted silver — presumably, this was intended to blend with the standard galvanised features.
Silver is similar to the standard Australian wheel colour, possibly Silver Birch.
Up to this point Series III colour choice had dwindled to almost one, plus the white roof of course.
Virtually every Series III you saw on the road was Camino Gold, to the point where Toyota found it necessary to copy the colour.
Paint finish can be considered ordinary at best.
New Birmabright panels are an odd mix of painted and raw.
Primer colour varies from light grey to black.
Steel and mixed panels are typically primed in black.
Once sub-assembled, little or no additional primer is applied.
Major components such as the bulkhead receive little or no rubbing prior to receiving a wafer thin application of colour coat.
Factory rust proofing was neither a feature nor option.
Private rust proofing businesses usually had to be sought out by the new owner.
Typically, these were found in a shed at the end of an industrial laneway.
Land Rover GAME interior Normal poverty-pack Land Rovers were equipped with local Series III brown trim.
This was essentially the land rover games free online facings.
Where fitted, lap sash seat belts had been in matching brown.
Door tops remained bare.
Floor mats appear to have been optional.
Glued on insulation to land rover games free online bulkhead black, coarse vinyl, hemp backed matting eventually becomes standard.
Top of the line was generic black and only found in station wagons.
Door cards, tops and sundry items were of UK production, whereas seat facings were locally made.
Although upholstered in black, no effort was made to match the grain of the door cards.
Rear inward facing seats could have a different texture again.
The UK Deluxe seat pattern did not exist in Australia.
Instead, it was one simple pleated seat pattern for all forward-facing seats regardless of model.
Front row, squab backing panels aluminium and those for factory fitted, inward facing rear seats are painted in body colour.
The GAME brochure does list trim as Deluxe.
In reality, it is only Australian-produced station wagon black as just described.
Door cards required large holes to be drilled in the door frames for Rover type push clips.
However, a liberal use of self-tapping screws is also present.
To meet Australian Design Rules ADR safety belts were fitted for each seat.
Parts were locally sourced and similar to the intended UK items, inertia reel now becoming standard for front row outer occupants.
By the time GAME arrives all seat belts were black, regardless of interior trim colour.
The prominent supplier to LA and the wider industry was TRW Australia.
How much did the Land Rover GAME cost?
They were expensive and competitors offered more in just about every area.
Identification All Australian produced and delivered Series III are fitted with a Compliance Plate.
This quotes — manufacturer, chassis number, which ADR the vehicle complies with, date of compliance not date of manufactureseating capacity, fuel type and body classification.
The plate was pop riveted to the bonnet striker panel and typically accompanied by the paint colour, emission control and coolant decals.
GAME entered production during the short period LA started adding model titles to Compliance Plates.
Previously, a Moke may have just had MOKE on the plate regardless of variant.
This period introduces for entry level and LEYLAND MOKE CALIFORNIAN for actual upmarket models.
Within two years this reverts to LEYLAND MOKE for everything.
Land Rover Compliance Plate details chassis number should also match the chassis plate in front of the gear sticks.
It is unclear whether later GAMEs continued to state GAME on Compliance Plates till the end of production.
A curiosity of LA was the ability of departments and even assembly lines to maintain different standards.
This allows the user to identify what a given Land Rover chassis was intended to be assembled as.
Though actual numbers were logged on the Australian assembly line, this information has not survived.
Once unpacked, chassis were not reorganised numerically.
First come first served as they were all considered to be the same part.
Final GAME chassis appear to precede the international system — Vehicle Identification Number VIN.
In essence, all local vehicles are UK produced and the chassis number reflects this.
Logically, all owners should be able to obtain a Heritage Certificate for their vehicle.
However, BMIHT seem to have become more than a see more disinterested in recent years, yet increasingly money focused.
My attempt to obtain a Heritage Certificate resulted in a reply stating they will not issue one to a CKD vehicle.
This translates to a generic canned response.
You article source to apply and pay for a certificate.
Earlier Australian Continue reading Land Rovers have been issued with Heritage Certificates, with some useful information presenting itself.
An additional hand-stamped serial number can be found on each Land Rover plate cabin area.
This is issued by PMC and for internal use only.
The local body number becomes useless once the vehicle rolled off the assembly line and is not recorded anywhere else on the vehicle.
However, the locally-issued assembly line number continued and was now found stamped in the upper border of the chassis plate.
PMC ran concurrent sequences depending on Land Rover designation — predominantly LWB and SWB.
However, GAME appears to sit in a separate area.
Whether this is specific to GAME or another broader designation is unclear.
Assuming production figures on the highest serial number located is folly.
This figure will only be proven by finding company documentation clearly stating what this sequence land rover games free online for.
Otherwise accounting for the majority of the three hundred or so cars within this sequence.
Known GAMEs are expected to have a PMC assembly line number lower than four hundred and a compliance date ranging through 1976 to 1979.
How the Land Rover GAME evolved Product evolution is present.
The same vehicle has decals in different positions.
Series IIIs acquired twin-circuit brakes in 1977, though not yet mandatory for a commercial platform.
This should be accompanied by additional warning lights for brake fail and park brake.
Wingard wing-mounted mirrors were therefore used for most everything, land rover games free online by the somewhat messy intermediate design of windscreen hinge mounts.
Silver-painted rear corner brackets evolved from extra tall to standard height.
At some stage LA started ordering standard doors no holesbut there is no official change point or consistency through to end of Series III.
The Australian-modified door also arrived at some point, with extra reinforcing and a modified British wheel carrier.
The right-hand reverse light lens then acts as the doorstop.
Deluxe bonnets appear to vary between standard and with wheel recess, less carrier.
Dealers were left to their own devices to locate and affix.
Engines were UK produced with emission control in the form of evaporative loss and air injection with 12 volt electrics — that was in common with every other concurrent four-cylinder petrol model and included the pre-War oil bathed air cleaner.
Wonderful lead was still available in petrol, so no catalyst requirements.
A cropped by guillotine British emission control placard should be attached to the left inner wing.
Although reverse light holes were cut after the body was painted opinion top ten most fun games free online rpg sorry very roughly.
So to, the holes for the rear number plate light.
Each vehicle came with a comprehensive tool set and document pack — the contents of the latter were predominantly British and reflected the large amount of DIY maintenance still expected of the operator.
The Australian handbook supplement for Series III, poorly attempted to identify local standard features such as inertia reel belts and emission control.
What an appalling effort, even within the confines of two pages and fold down section!
How many overdrives were fitted on the assembly line is unclear.
As with hubs, potentially an easy dealer upsell to existing stock.
Roofs were probably by order only.
Leyland Australia in a rather vague link offered accessories for the Series III range.
Accessories can be summarised as a savagely abridged version of UK optional parts with a few local add-ons.
Items such as hazard and fog lights were available, though rarely fitted and virtually never advertised.
Also Nu-Link mats, though I have never seen a new local vehicle equipped with them.
Owners could dream of a Fairey overdrive, but never get around to purchasing one.
Exterior sun visors were still popular — typically, the ready viking free online games think curved design with matt green underside and an exterior requiring painting in body colour.
A second, left-hand petrol tank was possible.
Potentially either side could be the larger capacity Australian version.
Ideal upsell points for someone ordering their new car.
Yet still within the https://spin-top-list-casino.site/free-online-games/chips-game-online-free.html of the dealer.
Though not overly popular accessories at the time, optional jerry can holders would have shown distinct initiative over competitors.
LA was supplying jerry can holders to Defence.
Adaptation of various Army dash components could have created cigar lighter and auxiliary switch panel options.
Laminated windscreens were standard fit for the Army but hardly get a mention anywhere else.
H4 headlights were an expensive, though smart click to see more />However, the client mind-set was still for spotlights.
The lack of these left Series III well behind its competitors.
Accessories brochures for Series III did exist but they were limited in content.
You could understand LA not investing in glossy, multi-page brochures.
Though you might at least expect to find comprehensive up-selling datasheets for salesmen, but none have come to light.
Trailer and cigar lighter wiring had already been designed, drawn, manufactured, used on the assembly line for fleet orders and subsequently ignored for any further use.
No, and they had already been designed and produced.
Stock items that could have been readily re-marketed as accessories for GAME.
The British parts book and matching optional parts list are comprehensive.
They represented the primary parts resource at your local dealership.
However, in trying to be click here they become extremely layered and difficult to use.
There is no abridged Australian version of either.
Presumably a text only parts supplement was issued for GAME.
Undoubtedly to the standard LA minimalist borderline useless format.
The Australian parts system being chronically reliant on the acquired knowledge of staff and penned amendments to what little reference material actually existed.
No cigar lighter, no hazard lights, no day night mirror.
You could well be left with the impression that the design team never bothered to look at what the opposition offered.
Nor even sat in Range-Rover for some ideas.
Was any subsequent effort made to profit or at least equalize costs from GAME specific components?
Possibly the only GAME associated item offered to the remaining fleet is the bull bar.
Want a radio for your new Land Rover, then go somewhere other than your Leyland dealer.
None actually just bolted-up.
None actually had instructions or documentation of any use.
All required buggery and butchery to install.
The remaining parts are generic.
Wiring needs to be lengthened to try and place the module in an out of the way position.
None of the wild assertions dealt with the realities of automotive design and production.
Let alone the gearing, low speed operation and torque demands of four-wheel drives.
Certainly none addressed the emission control requirements introduced in 1976.
Putting aside stereotypical owner delusions of what is performance, the 2.
The national requirements for emission control require all such original equipment to be present.
However, the only output tests are for visible and audible emissions.
Exporting the Land Rover GAME With the exception of Australian Territories, New Zealand and possibly Indonesia, export appears to be nil.
GAME has none of the features required for North America and no evidence has come to light for a left hand drive version.
Other regional Rover subsidiaries or agents were either buying whole vehicles or CKD, direct from the UK.
Able to be ordered with tropical roof and rear door as long as the client was willing to wait click to see more delivery.
Jeep CJ series is somewhere between Moke and Series II Land Rover with a really big engine.
However, with the high price of a fully optioned GAME, you start to overlap the long wheelbase and wagons of the competition.
None of the opposition have anything remotely close to local content offered by Leyland at that time.
All Jeeps were made in the U.
A box on the back seat and the conversion line in Brisbane in the old Austin plant adapted models to local requirements.
By time GAME was released, the off-road market had started to diversify into sectors where British Leyland had no offerings.
The closest competition was Landcruiser and had been from the late 1950s.
Whereas the marketplace readily adapted to what the Japanese had to offer.
Landcruiser quickly adjusted to the less agricultural, greater drivability change in vehicle demand.
That was simply for trying to build a decent product, despite a lack of variants and a few later corrosion issues.
Toyota only offered six-cylinder petrol or diesel engines.
Toyota Australia experimented with local assembly of their commercial range, which only lasted a few years.
To the potential buyer, Landcruiser represented a far more driveable product with comparative off-road capabilities and an almost overabundance of dealers.
Hilux was soon to become 4WD.
Try finding a first generation Daihatsu or two-stroke Suzuki.
In one episode, on a maiden watch archer for free no, their new Jeep decided to disassemble itself at speed.
Some well-chosen words managed to find their way into the final edit.
Land Rover is at worst a survivor.
Then: driving and owning a Land Rover GAME back in the day As expressed by authors since 1976, GAME is still just a Series III.
In turn a Series III is little more than a face lifted Series II.
The majority of the technology is old.
Build quality was typical Land Rover.
Everything worked, but details such as door alignment and weather proofing could only rival that of a pre-War lorry.
Birmabright hid any subsequent corrosion.
If you were intent on buying a Land Rover at the time, GAME offered a distinct visible impact.
Vehicle purchase price probably prevented a lot of buyers from accessorising from new.
Emission control and the adverse conditions air cleaner made for a tight and messy engine bay.
Only the first service was free, the rest was paid for, entirely by the client.
Generally parts were affordable and better priced than for Landcruiser.
However, you had to find a dealer or visit the LA State Office.
Most local content was unlisted, plus the general confusion caused when deciphering Series III parts lists.
These were at best a quilt of amendments.
Some sections detailed, others literally thrown together.
Despite owning original hard copy parts lists, I now prefer to print pages as required from a free download copy.
I then pen in any and all corrections as source and file the pages.
And now: owning a Land Rover GAME today Even if in good condition, a Series III is still high maintenance, requiring regular manual adjustments and lubrication.
The clutch pedal has a lubrication point.
The use of coolant corrosion inhibitor was still a totally alien concept in Australia at the time and for years to come.
Many Dolomites, Stags, Datsuns and BMWs had already suffered as a consequence.
When and where followed, the required servicing dramatically extended component life.
Correctly adjusted wheel bearings were easily capable of outlasting the vehicle and almost always failed only through neglect.
Concessional club, historic registration is available in most States or Territories, which can ease annual running costs.
Looking for an alternative fuel?
There is nowhere to mount LPG cylinders without loss of load space.
Scuba tanks could be fitted under the rear floor.
Any other shape or capacity creates land rover games free online clearance issues.
Traditional LPG systems were and still are primitive, creating their own array of running problems.
In standard form the vehicle can keep pace with motorway traffic.
If maintained the drums stop well, but they usually require balancing adjustment after overhaul.
When called upon, they will highlight any steering problems.
Other issues include the countless modifications that have been made to vehicles as the years passed.
These were often ignored in previous times, but are now being brought to account as regulations and inspection criteria tighten.
This certainly comes to the fore when someone actually performs a proper inspection, whether pre-purchase, Safety Certificate MOT, WOF or modification approval.
Changed seating capacity and missing emission control are two prime areas.
Parts have been a challenge since the late 1980s and the simplest https://spin-top-list-casino.site/free-online-games/cubis-puzzle-games-free-online.html frequently cause dramas.
However, the major mechanicals are either reliable or compatible with other models.
GAME quickly became an overlooked oddball model, generally un-catered for.
The Series III for that matter attracts no specialists in Australia.
There are few actual parts importers, but countless on-sellers.
Imported components are generally chosen by price, specifically not quality or whether they fit.
Trim was never brilliant and can now be extremely expensive to replace, if you can find it.
No one has reproduced any of the Australian trim components.
Even with the benefit of the internet, there is certainly no one-stop shop for this model.
If they do anything, it is in seeking unsupported opinions from the uninformed, as opposed to proper, fact and evidence-based research.
Or https://spin-top-list-casino.site/free-online-games/wheel-of-fortune-2-player-online-game-free.html repair costs spiral as the true state of the acquisition surfaces.
Land Rovers offer no change to this phenomenon.
In the present market, the concurrent Range Rover is better equipped, easier to drive, readily available and equally if not better priced to a GAME in comparable condition.
Obviously, this section could drag on.
The five-figure odometer and usually missing documents assist in hiding what the average vehicle has been through in the last 40 years.
What did Leyland Australia learn from GAME?
There were no new accessories or options and certainly no GAME features utilising what had already been designed, manufactured and introduced for just a few hundred vehicles.
The Series III ended along with Leyland Australia.
The successor — Jaguar Rover Australia introduced the 110, not 90.
County level was now available.
Local assembly and content persisted and any model could be optioned out.
Four-wheel drives became more accepted as the everyday family vehicle.
An ever-increasing amount of disposable income was spent on accessorising — wheels, tyres, spare wheel carriers, towing, body protection, radios… Forty years later, a tidy GAME is still stunning.
Land-Rovers were not produced at Zetland Victoria Parkonly at Enfield and preceding BLMC.
Similar to AMI assembling Triumphs.
Off the top of my head PMC was part of the Larke Hoskins group.
Pressed Metal Corporation was eventually purchased by Leyland Australia in around 1970 or thereabouts by the way.
The first Enfield Mini production runs missed out on a great deal of rustproofing until immersion tanks were setup at Enfield to allow for an improved process, EPD I think it was.
The bull bars were produced locally by a small local company called ARB.
I learnt that direct from the CEO himself.
It also has tail gate hinge brackets still in tact.
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4x4 Driving Simulator 2017
With the Landrover game ,was it only for the Australian market ? Did they all have power steering,what colours did they come in.Any pictures of a standard one . Were they just an optioned up dealer th
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